Prostate cancer screening and treatment in Barcelona

In Europe, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. It most often occurs after the age of 50 and does not always cause symptoms. It progresses slowly and can often be removed completely or treated effectively if diagnosed before it spreads outside the prostate.

If you are suffering from prostate cancer, if you have any doubts about your health, or simply if you are over 50 and would like to be screened, do not wait to make an appointment with our specialist urologist in Barcelona.

Please contact us to find out more about your mutual insurance coverage.

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is a disease that develops from initially normal prostate cells that change and multiply uncontrollably until they form a malignant tumor.

The malignant tumor is made up of cancerous cells that can invade and destroy nearby tissue. It can also spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body, especially the bones and lymph nodes of the pelvis.

What causes prostate cancer?

The causes of prostate cancer are still poorly understood, and could often be multiple:

  • Age: 66% of prostate cancers occur in men aged 65 and older
  • Genetic predisposition: about 20% of prostate cancers are related to family background and occur in families where prostate cancers are more numerous than average
  • Ethnic background: black men have more prostate cancers than white men, and Asian men have less prostate cancers
  • Exposure to pesticides and endocrine disruptors
  • Smoking
  • Diet
  • Parkinson's disease: People with Parkinson's disease and their relatives up to the third degree have a higher risk of prostate cancer


Prostate cancer: symptoms

At the beginning of its evolution, prostate cancer does not give any symptoms. Its discovery is therefore often totally fortuitous, for example during a health check-up.

The mechanical symptoms due to the compression of the urethra appear when the prostate increases in volume and are generally expressed by :

  • Difficulty in urinating,
  • A need to push,
  • Erectile dysfunction,
  • Frequent urges to urinate,
  • Pain when urinating,
  • Pain with ejaculation,
  • The presence of blood in the urine or semen.

However, these symptoms are generally a sign of an increase in the volume of the prostate but are not necessarily indicators of cancer. They are in fact very common in cases of prostatitis or benign prostatic hypertrophy.

cancer prostate

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

If prostate cancer is suspected, the urologist will always first perform a digital rectal exam to feel the prostate and detect any irregularities or changes in consistency.

If the clinical examination is abnormal, the specialist prescribes a blood test for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), a substance produced by the prostate. If this level is high or if its progression is rapid, cancer must be suspected, but be careful here too, because a high level does not necessarily indicate cancer.

If the doctor finds abnormalities that indicate prostate cancer, he will order a prostate biopsy, which will allow the diagnosis of cancer to be made with certainty. Other examinations such as a CT scan, an MRI or a bone scan can then be performed to determine if the disease has spread.


Prostate cancer: treatment

The treatment of prostate cancer depends on the patient's age, general health, and the extent of the cancer. In general, it involves surgery (total prostatectomy), radiation therapy, and possibly hormone therapy and chemotherapy.


Surgery consists of a total removal of the prostate. It is reserved for cancers localized to the prostate and offers great chances of cure if the cancer is indeed localized and not very or moderately aggressive.

To perform this procedure, the urologist may reach the prostate by abdominal laparoscopy or through a low abdominal incision below the navel.

Removal of the prostate may result in urinary incontinence, usually temporary, and erectile dysfunction.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy consists of destroying the cancerous cells using high-energy X-rays. Several sessions are necessary for 6 to 8 weeks.

Radiation therapy can be administered externally through the skin or internally.

Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy drugs are prescribed to block the male hormones (mainly testosterone) that promote the growth of prostate cancer cells.

As a treatment for prostate cancer, hormone therapy is mainly accompanied by hot flashes and decreased sexual potency or impotence. Some patients report various complaints (nausea, skin rashes, fatigue, muscle wasting, anemia, etc.). In rare cases, gynecomastia (swelling of the nipples) is observed.


Chemotherapy consists of destroying the prostate cancer cells by administering chemical substances, usually through intravenous infusions.

Chemotherapy is considered when prostate cancer has metastasized. In some medical situations, it may be combined with hormone therapy.

Prostate cancer : FAQ

Men diagnosed with prostate cancer have a life expectancy of more than 15 years. And, even with advanced cancer, survival has greatly improved, reaching 5 to 6 years in the case of metastatic cancer.
Surgical removal of the prostate is the gold standard treatment for low-risk localized prostate cancer. Our urologist will advise you on the most appropriate treatment for your specific case.
It is advisable to eat a healthy diet based on fruits, vegetables and vegetable proteins. On the contrary, it is better to reduce your consumption of animal proteins, dairy products and fats.


Our urologist in Barcelona

Dr. José Carpio

Urologist 🇬🇧 🇪🇸
Diagnosis and treatment of pathologies of the urinary tract and reproductive tract
Management of erectile disfunction and premature ejaculation
Male and female urinary incontinence
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