Are you looking for a specialist in sports injuries?
Have you recently been injured while practicing sports? Good trauma management can limit treatment and recovery times, reducing the risk of sequelae.
The specialist doctors who work in our medical clinic in Barcelona receive you in a personalized way to help you continue your sporting activities regardless of your age and sporting level.
What are the most frequent traumatic pathologies in athletes?
Muscle injuries are one of the most common injuries in athletes. Sometimes it is a trauma with a sudden pain occurring during sports activity, but it also happens that the pain appears gradually after sports practice.
Among the traumatic injuries linked to the practice of a physical activity, we find in particular:
- Muscle strain: overstretching or tearing muscles results in a sprain.
- Muscle pull: the injury occurs when the muscle is stretched beyond its limit.
- Muscle tear: characterized by the break of the fibers of a muscle, tearing is very common among athletes.
During sports, the joints can be strained, especially the ankles, knees, elbows and shoulders.
Among the joint pathologies induced by sport, we can in particular mention:
- Sprains: this is a stretching or tearing of the ligaments in a joint. They mainly concern the ankle and the knee.
- Dislocations: frequent in the shoulder, elbow or fingers, dislocations correspond to a total loss of contact of the articular surfaces of a joint during a trauma.
- Osteochondromatosis: Affecting the joints of the knees, elbow, hip, shoulder, ankles or hand, this condition causes joint swelling and reduced mobility.
- Degenerative injuries: they are linked to physical hyperactivity over a long period. Osteoarthritis is one of them.
Tendons connect muscles to bones. The practice of sport often imposes significant pulls on them which can sometimes lead to injuries. The most common are:
- Tendinitis: it corresponds to inflammation of a tendon following a very intense effort.
- Plantar fasciitis: this inflammation of the sole of the foot is common in runners.
- Epicondylitis: best known under the name of "tennis elbow", this inflammation is due to the micro-tearing of fibers of the extensor tendons of the forearm.
The most frequent bone injuries in athletes are stress fractures and periostitis.
In the case of stress fractures, excessive physical activity is often the cause.
Periostitis, on the other hand, is an inflammation of the membrane that makes up the envelope of the bone. Most of the time, they are caused by overweight, repeating too much of an exercise, or muscle imbalance.
Equipped with the latest medical technologies, the Turó Park Dental & Medical Center clinic relies on a team of highly qualified and experienced specialists who can diagnose and treat your trauma, but also help you regain your full sporting abilities.
Management of sports injuries
Although it is highly beneficial, the practice of physical activity always carries a risk of injury, sometimes linked to trauma, lack of warm-up, or overtraining. In all cases, these injuries are painful and require rapid treatment to relieve the patient and reduce the risk of complications in the long term. In fact, the faster the treatment, the greater the chances of recovering one's full physical capacities.
The treatment of sports injuries obviously depends on the type of injury, its severity, but also the patient's goals. Thus, the treatment for a high-level athlete and that for an occasional practitioner will not necessarily be the same.
1. Pain reduction
The doctor’s first objective will be to decrease the pain in order to relieve the patient. Pain relievers or anti-inflammatories are often prescribed, but in some cases a corticosteroid injection may also be necessary.
2. Treatment of the injury
Depending on the type of trauma, the doctor may prescribe rest, immobilization, or refer to trauma surgery.
Once the lesion has healed, the patient must rehabilitate the injured region before starting sports activity again.
This phase of rehabilitation is usually carried out by a physiotherapist, who can offer various rehabilitation exercises, but also treatments based on heat, cold, electricity, ultrasound, traction or balneotherapy.