Are you looking for a specialist in cardiac pathologies?
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world.
At the slightest alert, do not hesitate to come and consult a cardiologist at the Turó Park Medical Center, in the heart of Barcelona. Our clinic offers you personalized care so that you can continue to live with good health.
The most common heart diseases
Cardiovascular diseases are caused by deposits of fat or cholesterol that conglomerate on the walls of the arteries. This accumulation forms atheromatous plaques that limit the blood flow.
In 80% of cases, a stroke is caused by a blocked artery. More specifically, this pathology corresponds to the sudden stop of the circulation of the blood. This phenomenon completely prevents the supply of oxygen and glucose to brain cells.
In the 20% of the remaining cases, stroke results from a ruptured vessel in the brain. Stroke is then considered to be hemorrhagic.
Symptoms of a stroke are:
- Feeling of searing weakness in the face, arm or leg
- Sudden decrease in sight in one eye
- Difficulty speaking
- Loss of equilibrium
- Severe headache
From temporary paralysis to severe disability, the consequences of a stroke are multiple and their severity depends on the speed of treatment.
While therapeutic advances have made it possible to reduce mortality rates, this heart disease is the leading cause of death in adults over the age of 40.
Myocardial infarction occurs after obstruction of several coronary arteries. As a result, the heart (myocardium) stops being supplied with blood and oxygen.
Our team of professionals advise you to get checked if you experience the following symptoms:
- Pain in the chest and shoulder
- Strong palpitations
- Nausea, vomiting not associated with digestive disorders
This pathology is characterized by an irregular heartbeat, causing palpitations. These cardiovascular ailments generally affect the elderly (the average age of victims is 70 years).
Atrial fibrillation is increased in likelihood by existing cardiovascular diseases (heart failure, hypertension, etc.).
How to prevent heart problems?
Heart diseases aren’t curable, therefore it is even more important to adopt a preventative focus over your lifetime to reduce your likelihood of suffering from one. It is possible to anticipate them by addressing the risk factors.
It has been shown that stopping smoking, having a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, exercise and reducing alcohol consumption are all factors that limit the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Management of heart disease
Between the progress observed in cardiovascular surgery and the appearance of new medication, the treatments for heart diseases are diverse and varied. These medical solutions are put forward by our cardiologists at the Turó Park Dental & Medical Center.
In choosing our medical clinic, our specialists will help you to find the treatment that best meets your needs. However, be aware that these therapeutic methods do not cure completely, but rather gain a certain stability in your symptoms and overall state of health.
The main medicines prescribed by our cardiologists are
- Antihypertensive: they are used to fight against hypertension
- Antiarrhythmics: they prevent and treat heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmia, tachycardia, tachyarrhythmia)
- Anticoagulants: especially prescribed in the context of atrial fibrillation, this medication slows down blood clotting and the formation of clots, one of the consequences of which may be a stroke.
Cardiology surgeons are capable of achieving a state of stability in the majority of suffering patients. Unthinkable just a few years ago, progress has enabled considerable advances in surgical intervention.
It is possible to replace damaged parts of the heart, adjust beats or form new vessels.
Below, find the most common surgical operations:
- Angioplasty: rehabilitation of normal blood flow in the arteries by inserting a catheter
- Ablation: readjusting the rhythm of the heart in order to recover normal beats
- Valvular interventions: replacement of heart valves that no longer work
- Placing a pacemaker: reanimation of a heart rate slowing too much
- Coronary bypass surgery: unblocking obstructed coronaries by implanting a vein or an artery making the connection between the aorta and the coronary vessel
- Heart transplantation: replacing a sick heart with a healthy heart