Lack of menstruation, heavy bleeding , menstrual cramps... All menstrual disorders should be diagnosed and treated by a gynecologist!

On average, women menstruate 400 times in their lives. Menstruation is part of a natural hormonal cycle, but it often gives rise to problems and symptoms that sometimes severely handicap women.

Menstrual disorders occur when periods are too heavy or too light, last too long, occur too often or are irregular. Fortunately, there are solutions to limit the symptoms and sometimes even to cure menstrual disorders permanently.

Do not hesitate to make an appointment with one of our English-speaking gynaecologists for a complete, caring and long-lasting treatment of your menstrual cycle disorders.

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Trastornos menstruales

What is a menstrual disorder?

The term menstrual cycle refers to phenomena that occurs in women that allows the body to prepare for a possible pregnancy. This cycle depends on the overall hormonal balance, particularly the hormones LH and FSH, which stimulate the ovaries and the production of oestrogen and progesterone.

The menstrual cycle consists of three phases:

  • The follicular phase (before the release of the egg)
  • The ovulatory phase (release of the egg)
  • The luteal phase (after the egg is released)

Menstruation occurs at the beginning of the menstrual cycle, but its duration, intensity and timing vary from woman to woman. Some women have light menstrual bleeding for a short time, while others have heavy bleeding that lasts longer. Menstruation can also change over the course of a lifetime.

Menstrual disorders are abnormalities in the functioning of the menstrual cycle that mainly affect menstruation. They can take different forms: painful, heavy, irregular or no periods at all.

What are the different menstrual disorders?

How are menstrual disorders diagnosed?

Menstrual disorders all display certain abnormal symptoms that are specific to the pathology that must be diagnosed. This diagnosis is essentially based on an in-depth interview with the patient, carried out in order to understand the manifestations of the disorder, its evolution and the associated symptoms.

A gynaecological examination can also provide some answers.

Imaging examinations such as pelvic ultrasound, pelvic MRI on one side or hypothalamic-pituitary MRI on the other can also provide important information.

In any case, if you feel that your period is interfering with your social life, or that your cycles have changed, do not hesitate to talk to your doctor or gynaecologist.

We care for Women.

Our specialists offer obstetrics and gynecologic care for women through all phases of life, from your pre-teen years to post-menopausal years.

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Our English-speaking gynaecologists

Dr. Berta Esteban

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Dr. Celia Marcos

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Dr. Cristina Gómez

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Dr. Silvana Bonino

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Dr. Erika Bonacina

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Dr. Mª Eulalia Fernández

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Our answers to the most frequently asked questions about menstrual disorders

When to worry about not having your period?

If your menstrual cycle is usually regular, you may find that your period is late by more than 5 days. This means that if you are 1 to 5 days late, you can wait a little while before you start to worry. After which you can get in touch with your GP about possible causes.

What is the difference between the signs of menstruation and those of pregnancy?

The most significant pregnancy symptom is the absence of menstruation. Tension in the breasts, nausea, tiredness and hunger may be perceived as symptoms of pregnancy, when in fact they are only signs that menstruation is imminent.

How to avoid premenstrual syndrome?

A healthy, balanced diet, exercise and good stress management can prevent the exacerbation of PMS symptoms.