Our Pediatric Pulmonary Unit
Pediatric pulmonolgy is a medical specialty dedicated to conditions and diseases affecting the respiratory tract in children (bronchitis, bronchiolitis, asthma, pneumonia, etc.). At Turó Park Medical Clinic, our specialized pediatricians offer personalized attention for all respiratory problems in young patients in terms of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
What is the particularity of a child's respiratory system?
In children, the cavities and tubes that make up the respiratory system are narrower than the ones in adults. As soon as a condition that promotes mucus secretion appears, the consequences will be greater and respiratory difficulties more common.
In addition, in young children, the elimination of nasal and pharyngeal secretions is more complex because they still do not know how to blow their nose correctly and spend much of the day lying down, thus favoring the stagnation in the back throat.
Finally, children's immune system is immature, not yet having developed resistance to many viral conditions, and therefore respiratory infections can appear more easily than in adults.
Therefore, proper care is essential to prevent and desire respiratory ailments in younger patients.
The pediatrician's mission is to:
- Perform a respiratory evaluation
- Perform additional tests (spirometry, allergy tests, breath test, chest X-ray, etc.)
- Offer care adapted to the needs of the child
- Refer, if necessary, to other specialists
If you are looking for a pediatrician specialized in pulmonology for your child, do not hesitate to make an appointment with one of the pediatricians at Turó Park Dental & Medical Center. Experienced, calm, and patient, they will know how to reassure your child in order to offer him complete care adapted to his needs.
The main reasons for consulting a pediatric pulmonology specialist are:
Very common in children, bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi of viral origin, most of the time. It is mainly manifested by a heavy cough which is often accompanied by a burning sensation in the chest, fever and general malaise.
Bronchitis progresses spontaneously towards recovery in healthy children, but certain drugs can however be prescribed to improve the patient's comfort: antipyretic in case of fever and possibly bronchial thinners or bronchodilators.
Bronchiolitis is a very contagious respiratory disease that mainly affects babies: around 30% of children under 2 years of age are affected by bronchiolitis each year. Symptoms of bronchiolitis are similar to those of a common cold except that the cough here is usually accompanied by wheezing or rapid breathing, or tightness near the ribs.
In case of bronchiolitis, it is important to relieve nasal congestion with enemas and to control the progression of the disease. In toddlers, it can cause significant breathing difficulties requiring treatment with bronchodilators, or even oxygen.
In children, as in adults, asthma can manifest itself chronically, throughout the year, or in crises, generally linked to environmental factors (allergies in particular), infectious or during increased effort or activity. Seizures tend to be more frequent at night and in the early morning.
Symptoms experienced during an asthma attack usually include varying degrees of difficulty breathing, a feeling of suffocation, wheezing, and sometimes a dry cough.
Several examinations may be necessary to diagnose asthma in children (clinical examination, chest x-ray, spirometry, plethysmography, allergic assessment, etc.) and the treatment will depend on the severity of the disease.
Sleep apnea is a partial or total obstruction of the upper airways during sleep. It is estimated that 2-4% of children suffer from sleep apnea.
Some sign can alert parents and in particular:
- Heavy snoring at night
- Excessive sweating
- Breathing with your mouth open
- A restless sleep or many awakenings
- Headaches when you wake up
In younger people, sleep apnea may be linked to an increase in the volume of adenoids. If in doubt, do not hesitate to make an appointment with a specialized pediatrician.
Cystic fibrosis is a chronic disease that causes serious respiratory problems, which tend to worsen with age. In very young children, respiratory infections are generally more numerous than in a healthy individual, and other symptoms are added most of the time such as shortness of breath or even respiratory failure. Cystic fibrosis is also accompanied by digestive complications (impaired digestion of fats, gastroesophageal reflux, etc.).
A regular medical follow-up is necessary to prevent and diagnose a relapse, an aggravation or a possible complication of the disease, but also monitor the general growth of the young patient.
Turó Park Medical Clinic has all the necessary material, equipment and expertise to perform a complete examination of your child's respiratory system. Feel free to contact us for more information.